ca. (circa, about approximately)
campus places and spaces
- Brigham Square (plaza northwest of the Wilkinson Student Center)
- BYU Conference Center (south of the Caroline Harman Continuing Education Building; the two buildings share the same lobby but not the same name)
- Garden Court (skylighted room north of the WSC Ballroom)
- Harman Continuing Education Building, Caroline (on University Parkway just west of 900 East; its east side has mirrored windows that reflect the mountains; it shares a lobby with the BYU Conference Center but not its name)
- Joseph Smith Atrium (open area in the center of the Joseph Smith Building)
- Kimball Quad (area between the Kimball Tower, the Eyring Science Center, and the Joseph Smith and McKay buildings)
- Lee Lane (east–west walkway between the Law School and the Lee Library)
- Lee Quad (area between the Lee Library and the Knight, Smoot, and Harris Fine Arts buildings)
- Maeser Quad (grassy area between the Maeser, Brimhall, Joseph Smith, and Grant buildings)
- Marigold Mall (north–south walkway between the Fletcher, Clyde, Widtsoe, Martin, and Clark buildings)
- Native Garden (five native plant theme gardens on the hill south of the Joseph Smith Building)
- North Hillside (area below the Centennial Carillon Tower featuring the waterfall)
- Richards Quad (area between the Richards Building, the stairs to campus, the George Albert Smith Fieldhouse, and the Student Athlete Building)
- Sculpture Garden (area surrounding the Museum of Art)
- Smoot Mall (area north of the Smoot Building featuring the fountain and flowers)
- Terraced Garden (13 theme gardens on the hill above the Cluff Building greenhouses, designed and maintained by students)
- Wilkinson Way (north–south walkway west of the Bookstore and east of the Lee Library, formerly known as the Checkerboard Quad)
- WSC Terrace (large dining area north of the Cougareat)
Words ending in wide are “normally closed, but hyphenated after proper nouns, after most words of three or more syllables, or simply to avoid a cumbersome appearance. Hyphenated compounds retain the hyphen both before and after a noun.” (15th Chicago 7.90, part 2, p. 306)
- Titles of works (headline style): Capitalize the first and last words and all nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, and some conjunctions (if, because, that, etc.). Lowercase articles (a, an, the), coordinating conjunctions (and, but, for, or, nor), and the words to and as in any grammatical function, for simplicity’s sake (see 15th Chicago 8.167). Prepositions in titles: Cap when five or more letters (If you follow AP style, cap when four or more letters.)
- Hyphenated words in titles: Chicago allows either capitalizing the second element or lowercasing the second element.
- Brand names like eBay and iPod should not be capitalized when beginning a sentence, though a rewording to avoid awkwardness may be desired. (See Chicago [16th ed.] 8.153.)
- Lowercase words like chapter and part in text (see 15th Chicago 8.189–190)
- Lowercase the names of majors except for those that are already proper nouns, e.g., English, European studies,
- Lowercase university when used alone.
- Lowercase semesters and terms, i.e., fall semester, spring term.
- plurals of capitalized terms:
- the Provo and Jordan Rivers; Mounts Timpanogos and Rainier; the Joseph F. Smith and James E. Talmage Buildings; World Wars I and II (See Chicago [16th ed] 8.52, 55, 112)
- words derived from proper names: If the dictionary doesn’t give you the answer, you can follow the Chicago Manual of Style’s rationale: “Personal, national, or geographical names, and words derived from such names, are often lowercased when used with a nonliteral meaning.” Examples include brussels sprouts, frankfurter, french dressing, platonic, and the like. (See Chicago [16th ed.] 8.59–60.)
Carillon Tower, Centennial; carillon tower; bell tower
CD (compact disc; a financial certificate of deposit)
CD-ROM (compact-disc-read-only memory)
Lowercase the word center when it appears by itself (see 15th Chicago 8.73 and 8.75).
In text the word chapter is lowercased and spelled out. Chapter titles are set in roman type and enclosed in quotation marks.
Cheer Squad, BYU; the cheer squad; the Cougar cheer squad
Christmas Day (or Eve); Christmas holidays; Christmas night; Christmastime
Church Educational System (CES)
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, The
Use the complete name of the Church in the first reference. For a subsequent reference, the full name or the contractions “the Church of Jesus Christ” or “the Church” are appropriate.
Church service missionary
civil rights legislation
Class of 1988 reunion; the Class of 1988
Class Schedule, Winter 2009 (not italicized or enclosed in quotation marks); current class schedule
classwork (Webster’s 3d Intl.), but course work
co-compounds (Check Webster’s)
Code, BYU Honor; Honor Code
Not BYU Code of Honor; Church Educational System Honor Code (when applicable to all four institutions: BYU, BYU–H, BYU–I, and LDS Business College)
When referring to the actual four and a half decades of tension between the United States and the Soviet Union.
college advisement center(s)
CACs; College of Life Sciences Advisement Center (exception: the David O. McKay School of Education Advisement and Certification Office; Education Advisement and Certification Office )
Colombia (country); Columbia (city, river, university)
Colonia Juárez and Colonia Dublán
commander/editor in chief (Webster’s)
- introductory phrase: “An adverbial or participial phrase at the beginning of a sentence is usually followed by a comma, especially if a slight pause is intended. A . . . very short introductory phrase does not require a comma except to avoid misreading” (see 15th Chicago 6.25). No comma following an introductory phrase of fewer than five words unless needed for clarity.
- commas in a series: Although AP doesn’t put one before the and, for clarity’s sake it is preferred that this comma be included.
- When a comma is required after a possessive noun that ends with an apostrophe, the comma follows the apostrophe (See 15th Chicago 6.8.)
Official name: 132nd Spring Commencement Exercises; April or spring commencement exercises, August or summer commencement, BYU Commencement, university commencement, December graduation
Cap titles of one-of-a-kind committees; lowercase informal ones, e.g., “Her courses must be preapproved by her graduate committee.”
Academic Standards Committee
Clinical Psychology Committee
Undergraduate Scholarship Committee
Commons at the Cannon Center, The; The Commons
- Check the dictionary to see if a word is hyphenated or not. If the word isn’t there, don’t hyphenate it unless the hyphen is needed to prevent misleading the reader.
- Recommendation: Check the spelling in Webster’s 11th. (Many compound words are shown in list form, as with co-compounds on p. 236. See also 15th Chicago 7.82–7.90.)
Confidential Report, Honor Code Commitment and
Constitution, the U.S.; the Constitution (only when U.S.)
Continuing Student Ecclesiastical Endorsement (don’t add word form); Continuing Student Ecclesiastical Endorsement interview
Continuing Student Enrollment and Scholarship Deferment Application
convocations; convocation exercises
Cougar fan; Cougar Club; played the Cougars
Cougar Fight Song
This is the song that begins with “Rise and shout! The Cougars are out!”
Cougar Stadium is now LaVell Edwards Stadium: Home of the BYU Cougars.
Cougareat Food Court
course numbers and their titles in text
Cap and spell out any abbreviations and set off with commas, but don’t italicize unless no course number is given: “Philosophy 105, Reasoning and Writing, was the course I took.” (Exception: Catalogs and class schedules, etc., that are filled with information about courses; common sense dictates the use of abbreviations here.)
course work, but classwork (Webster’s 3d Intl.)
cross-country skiing (Webster’s).
Exception: We spell cross country without the hyphen when referring to the track and field event, even when used as an adjective, because nationwide it is spelled this way by those involved with the sport.